The "Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2008" found continued declines in many cancer rates.
Death rates from all cancers combined for men, women, and children continued to decrease in the United States between 2004 and 2008. The findings are from the latest "Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer," coauthored by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, the National Cancer Institute, and the American Cancer Society.
Cancer Among Children
Among children aged 19 years or younger, cancer incidence rates increased 0.6% per year from 2004 through 2008, continuing trends from 1992. Death rates decreased 1.3% per year during the same period.
Cancer Among Racial and Ethnic Groups
Black men and white women had the highest cancer incidence rates between 2004 and 2008. Black men and black women had the highest cancer death rates during the same time period, but these groups showed the largest decreases for the period between 1999 and 2008, compared with other racial groups.
Special Feature: Cancers Associated with Excess Weight and Not Enough Physical Activity
For more than 30 years, excess weight, lack of physical activity, and an unhealthy diet have been considered second only to tobacco use as preventable causes of disease and death in the United States. Since the 1960s, tobacco use has decreased by a third while obesity rates have doubled.
The special feature section explains how being overweight and not getting enough physical activity increase cancer risk. The following six cancers are associated with being overweight or obese—
Several of these cancers also are associated with not getting enough physical activity.
Eheman C, Henley SJ, Ballard-Barbash R, Jacobs EJ, Schymura MJ, Noone AM, Pan L, Anderson, RN, Fulton JE, Kohler BA, Jemal A, Ward E, Plescia M, Ries LAG, Edwards BK. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2008, featuring cancers associated with excess weight and lack of sufficient physical activity.. CANCER; Published Early Online: March 28, 2012 [DOI: 10.1002/cncr.27514]).
SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention